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Six Common Kinds of Forestry Machines

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Foresters and loggers depend on a variety of tools and equipment to properly cut and process trees. If you are on the market for machinerie forestière, below the basic kinds of equipment you may will for optimal performance:

Harvesters

These self-propelled cutting machines can fell and process steams. They can be wheeled or tracked and feature a cutting head that fells, delimbs, and bucks trees to certain lengths. Also, they come with a front or rear cab for the operator that can be either fixed or rotating.

A tracked harvest is ideal to track slopes. While a wheeled harvest has lower slope capabilities, it can do well processing single stem trees like conifers and aspen.

Log Loaders

These forestry machines sort and stack logs into piles. They move piles of sufficient size onto transport trucks. Loaders can be wheeled, tracked, or trailed-mounted. Also, they can be knucklebooms or grapples. Knucklebooms have quick hydraulic systems for swing and boom purposes. Grapples can allow for a larger pickup base or handle tree length sized logs. Knucklebooms are ideal for loading average-sized trees.

Wood Chippers

These machines are used to minimise or chip wood into smaller woodchips. Typically, this wood is bigger trunks or limbs. Wood chippers are usually portable, mounted, or wheeled, making them suitable for towing behind a truck or van.

Forwarders

These machines are meant to move felled logs from the stump to a roadside landing. Often, the work with machines in logging operations that require cut-to-length results. These machines are categorised according to their capabilities to carry loads. The smallest forwarder may be towed by all-terrain vehicles. They are capable of carrying loads of between one and three tons. An agricultural forwarder may be towed by a farm tractor and can carry between 12 and 15 tons. For clear-cutting, a medium-sized forwarder is used which can carry between 12 and 16 tons.

Skidders

These machines drag material from the wood to a landing or roadside. They remove trees from the forest, transporting them to a clearing. This process is called skidding.

Mulchers

These forestry machines are outfitted with a fixed tooth rotor system or a swinging hammer. Their size and power are tied to the horsepower capabilities of the tractor or vehicle to which they are attached. In general, tree size mulching ability is bigger in this kind of mulcher. The average circumference of the trunk is roughly 40 centimetres or 16 inches in diameter.